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Role of Sewer Utilities
In each and every area, water, and sewer utilities are a major requirement for all commercial, residential and industrial purposes. Potable water is provided into the industrial, commercial and residential premises through the use of the water utilities to ensure that all activities that require water run continuously with little or no disruption. Sewer utilities, on the other hand, are meant to carry wastewater generated from the commercial, industrial and residential setting away into a commonplace. Water and sewer utilities mostly the pipes carrying the different contents run together in most regions although some sewer utilities run underground. The water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipes to avoid contamination of the potable water in case there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water which is known as sewage is usually transported in sewer utilities to a place where it is either treated or disposed. The wastewater carried is from all premises that are connected to the sewer system in an area. There are places which make the sewer utilities to accommodate both the sewage and storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Sewage water and storm water can also be carried in two separate sewer utilities as they may be designed in an area. carrying the storm water and sewage separately make it easier to treat them as well as dispose them treated water. Once the sewage water gets into a treatment plant, it is treated to remove organic and inorganic waste material present to make the water safe for release into the environment. Sewer and water utility services are run by one company hence user pay for both services as one to the company. The payments collected are used in the maintenance of the sewer utilities.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. Concrete, plastic or fiberglass are some of the materials that make septic tanks used to collect wastewater. The septic tanks are common in residential areas mainly for a single home where the users are few. The septic tanks also have a mechanism of treating the wastewater disposed of which is then released into the environment. Observing some key measures ensure that a septic tank functions properly. This includes avoiding disposing too much oil into the septic tanks or dangerous chemicals that are likely to damage the septic tank or even kill bacteria responsible for treating the waste water. In all areas, septic tank are required to be placed underground in such a way that they do not leak or release odors. In many areas, the law requires that the septic tanks be place at least 5 feet from the house.